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Health Disparities

"Black infants die before one year of life at more than twice the rate of white infants...There are also profound disparities in other birth outcomes. " (JMWH 2016) See also Figure 2

Pregnant and postpartum persons of black or African American descent are more than twice as likely to die as a result of childbirth than whites 26.5 vs. 10.0 per 100,000 (HP 2020).  In New York City, maternal mortality for blacks is 12 times higher than for whites (Boyd et al., 2015)

Indigenous/American Indian/Alaska Native infants birthed in the US are nearly two times more likely to die in their first year of life than the US infants with the best outcomes.
(Wong et al., 2012)

"it is critical to change the culture of medicine by addressing racism and implicit biases that contribute to health disparities. While the rates of maternal mortality and severe maternal morbidity in the United States are unacceptable, even more concerning is the stark racial and ethnic disparities in these outcomes.(See ACOG Commitment Statement).

A Priority: Increasing Racial/Ethnic Diversity in Nursing to Reduce Health Disparities and Achieve Health Equity (Phillips & Malone, 2014)

A Resource List to Educate Yourself about Health Disparities in Maternal Healthcare

Social Justice
Preventing Trauma

This site was designed as part of a Masters Project in Maternal Child Health Systems at
Bastyr University by Kristin Effland, LM, CPM
Spring 2017

If you are interested in more informatipn or being a part of growing this project into the future, Contact Us


Racial-Ethnic Disparities in Birth Outcomes:

A Life-Course Perspective

 by Dr. Michael Lu (2017)

Social Justice


Preventing Trauma
NPTF Report Cover.png
Preventing Microaggressions

“There must be purposeful action by every individual in the profession, as well as the collective voice of midwifery, to identify barriers to inclusiveness and to foster a culture of diversity through respect, recruitment, and mentoring.” Kennedy et al, 2006, p. 85

SOURCE: UCLA’s office of Diversity & Faculty Development. (2014). Diversity in the Classroom. Retrieved from   

Figure 2

SOURCE: Matthews TJ, MacDorman MF. Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2010 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set, National Vital Statistics Reports 62(8); Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, 2013 IN March of Dimes. (2015, Feb 27). Fact Sheet: Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Birth Outcomes. Retrieved from 

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